Timing in Tarot comes through by suits or Major Arcana for me.
Cups are days, Wands are weeks, Pentacles are months, and Swords can be days, weeks, or months. So if in the timing position of a spread or if asked directly the 3 of Cups, for instance, would be three days. the 6 of Wands would be six weeks, the 2 of Pentacles would be two months, and the 4 of Swords would indicate four days, weeks, or months.

If a Major Arcana card presents itself for time, it shows specific dates relating to astrological dates of the zodiac. So if I were projecting a time frame and the Chariot dropped out of the deck, I would see that the timing would fall between June 22 and July 23.

Emperor—Aries—March 21-April 20
The Hierophant—Taurus—April 21-May 21
The Lovers—Gemini—May 22-June 21
The Chariot—June 22-July 23
Strength—Leo—July 24-August 23
The Hermit—Virgo—August 24-September 23
Justice—Libra—September 24-October 23
Death—Scorpio—October 24-November 22
Temperance— Sagittarius—November 23-December 21
The Devil—Capricorn—December 22-January 20
The Star—Aquarius—January 21-February 19
The Moon—Pisces—February 20-March 20

Numerological & Astrological Attributes of the Major Arcana

Tarot coincides greatly with numerology and astrology. The more symbols that unite a card in relation to a spread, the more information is given about the seeker, her motivations, influences, and the overall picture of her situation.

Each Major Arcana card is appointed with a number and astrological sign or planetary assignment. Each Astrological sign has an element and a modality. Intuitively taking in these pieces of information in unison will align detailed information within the Tarot. Below I have created a chart to easily see modalities, elements, and how they relate to each other. Take my drawings with a grain of salt!

0  (Birth) The Fool—Uranus (Deviate), Air (Messages)

I (Creation from Self, Manifesting) The Magician—Mercury (Communicate)

II (Connection) The High Priestess—Moon (Destiny and Karma)

III (Divine Feminine Bonding) The Empress—Venus (Harmonize)

IV (Divine Masculine Loyalty) The Emperor—Aries (Lightning-bold energy, independent, leadership, cardinal sign.)

V (Changeability) The Hierophant—Taurus (Grounding, concentrates energy, pleasure seeking, fixed sign.)

VI (Harmony) The Lovers—Gemini (Sociable, impersonal, clever, mutable sign.)

VII (Higher Self, Spirituality) The Chariot—Cancer (Nurturing, supportive, emotional attachments, cardinal sign.)

VIII (Power, Patterns) Strength—Leo (Ego development, being true to self-expression, action from the heart, fixed sign.)

IX (Compassion) The Hermit—Virgo (Hard time connecting, perfectionist, true to self, mutable sign.)

X (I—Creation from Self, Manifesting) The Wheel of Fortune—Jupiter (Expand)

XI (Intuition, Fanaticism with the Ideal) Justice—Libra (Social awareness, partnership, interacting with others as an equal, harmony, cardinal sign.)

XII (III—Divine Feminine Bonding) The Hanged Man—Neptune (Refine), Water (Emotions)

XIII (IV—Divine Masculine Loyalty) Death—Scorpio (Transformation, intense emotions around the personal process of growth, manipulates power, fixed sign.)

XIV (V—Changeability) Temperance—Sagittarius (Consciousness expansion, enlightenment, uses talents for the greater good, mutable sign.)

XV (VI—Harmony) The Devil—Capricorn (Authoritative, ambitious, wants to create the perfect world, cardinal sign.)

XVI (VII—Higher Self, Spirituality) The Tower—Mars (Assert)

XVII (VIII—Power, Patterns) The Star—Aquarius (Free-thinking, unorthodox, detached from emotion, fixed sign.)

XVIII (IX—Compassion) The Moon—Pisces (Compassion, empathy, selfless work, weak ego, mysticism, fixed sign.)

XIX (I—Birth) The Sun—Sun (Integrate)

XX (II—Connection) Judgment—Pluto (Transform), Fire (Creativity)

XXI (III—Divine Feminine Bonding) The World—Saturn (Control)

Suits and Their Astrological Attributes

Each suit has astrological attributes depending on their element.
If you know anything about astrology, even if you’re not an astrologer (I’m not), it’s helpful when interpreting the feelings of the pip cards and court card personalities.

Cups = Water Signs
Swords = Air Signs
Wands= Fire Signs
Pentacles = Earth Signs

Cups = Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces
Swords = Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
Wands = Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
Pentacles = Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn